A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) that affects the function of the brain and may lead to a loss of consciousness. It can occur to individuals of all ages who experience a fall, a motor vehicle accident, or even a regular daily activity. However, individuals who participate in contact sports like boxing or football are at a higher risk of sustaining this injury.
Concussions are rarely life-threatening, but it is best to seek medical treatment as soon as they occur.
How Do Concussions Happen?
The primary cause of a concussion is a blow or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to shake. The shaking can cause the brain to lose normal function, which can lead to serious side-effects. Although symptoms vary based on the severity of the concussion, common symptoms include:
- Dizziness or nausea
- Blurred or double vision
- Memory problems
- Balance problems
- Slow reaction times
- And more.
How Concussions are Treated
In order to determine the correct course of action, your sports medicine doctor will begin by asking how the injury occurred and what your symptoms are. Other diagnosis tactics may include a physical examination, MRI, CT scan, EEG test (in the case of seizures), as well as an eye test.
Minor concussion symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter pain medications and plenty of rest. You might be required to avoid driving and riding a bicycle throughout recovery. Avoiding alcohol consumption may also be recommended to avoid slowing the recovery progress.
Returning to sports or other strenuous activities should only be done with a doctor’s discretion, as getting a second concussion dramatically increases your risk of serious brain injury. If you experience any swelling or bleeding in the brain, you will require surgery.
Concussion Doctors Near Me
If you, a friend, or a loved one has experienced a concussion, we urge you to contact a nearby office of Coastal Orthopedics Sports Medicine & Pain Management as soon as possible!
Our Sarasota/Bradenton sports medicine specialists are well-versed in concussion management and are fully equipped to help prevent long-term damage if at all possible. We can also talk to you about preventing initial or repeat concussions if you are at a continued risk. Call or visit us today!