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Regenerative Medicine – Enhance your Body’s Ability to Heal Itself
What is Regenerative Medicine?
Regenerative medicine technologies are relatively new forms of treatment designed to enhance your body’s ability to heal itself. These treatments use natural substances that modify your natural healing mechanisms to help joints, tendons and ligaments heal and repair themselves.
There are three branches of regenerative medicine: Rejuvenation, Replacements, and Regeneration.
- Rejuvenation: Focuses on boosting your body’s ability to repair itself. Research shows that cells can be remodeled and reprogrammed to self-heal.
- Replacement: Damaged cells, tissues or organs are replaced with healthy parts.
- Regeneration: Focuses on cell-based therapies to help regenerate healthy cells or tissues. For example, a bone marrow transplant.
Types of Regenerative Medicine at Coastal Orthopedics
There are 3 types of regenerative medicine offered at our centers, including:
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
PRP is a mixture of growth factors and other proteins found in the platelets of your own blood. These platelets migrate to areas of injury in the body and initiate and enhance a healing response. PRP treatments utilize a technology where we draw your own blood, concentrate the platelets and growth factors, and inject them back into the body at sites of injury or degeneration. These proteins enhance the activity of the healing mechanisms and decrease the mediators of inflammation to help make a patient feel better and heal the injury. Download more information
Cell-Based Therapy (Mesenchymal Stem Cells)
Cell-based therapy is a mixture of growth factors, proteins and mesenchymal stem cells that are found naturally in the body. These substances can be harvested from either your fat or bone marrow and injected into areas of injury or degeneration to enhance healing and ongoing repair. These mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to differentiate into other types of cells and continue to help your healing over the long term. Download more information
This video shows a representation of stem cells and their unique ability to develop into a variety of other cells.
Our Regenerative Medicine Physicians
Which Conditions Benefit the Most from PRP?
PRP treatments are most effective for chronic ligament and tendon sprains and strains, that have failed other forms of treatments. Some of the treatments that can benefit from PRP include:
- Lumbar spine disc pain
- Rotator cuff
- Shoulder pain and instability
- Tennis or golfer’s elbow
- Hamstring and hip strains
- Knee sprains and instability
- Patellofemoral syndrome and patellar tendonitis
- Ankle sprains
- Achilles tendonitis & plantar fasciitis
- Knee, hip, and other joint osteoarthritis
- Nerve entrapment syndromes, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
- Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction and pain
- Lumbar and cervical facet dysfunction and pain
In addition to the list above PRP can also be effective in osteoarthritis cases, by stimulating the healing process of the cartilage, which reduces the pain. The areas that can benefit from PRP include:
How is PRP Created?
First, a small amount of blood is drawn from the patient. Preparation of the solutions can take 25-30 minutes. Once the blood is drawn, it is placed in a machine called a centrifuge, that spins the blood at a high speed. This machine helps separate the blood into red blood cells and concentrated platelets. Once the blood is separated from the platelets, the blood is discarded and what remains is a concentrated platelet-rich plasma, known as PRP.
What is a Stem Cell?
A stem cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialized cell types in the body. They may be used to help your body heal tissues that have been damaged due to injury or degeneration.
How are Stem Cells Harvested?
These cells can be harvested from adipose tissue (body fat) or bone marrow with a relatively minor procedure. This is done under local anesthetic to minimize the pain of harvesting. Discomfort from the harvest is usually relatively mild.
What are the Benefits of Mesenchymal Stem Cells?
Mesenchymal stem cell injections help the body heal itself. The cells can turn into cell types appropriate for the body part which can then help aid in the healing process. These injections are significantly less invasive than surgery and can shorten recovery time and diminish the risks compared to traditional treatments.
The Four Types of Cell-Based Therapy
There are four types of Cell-Based Therapy that use the latest biological drugs with anti-inflammation agents and steroids, used for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The goal for these four therapies is to cure IBD, cell-based therapies offer hope to patients when traditional treatments have failed.
- Hematopoietic stem cells: Are found in bone marrow. These stem cells make the body’s blood cells, including the immune cells that overreach in IBD.
- Mesenchymal stem cells: Multipotent adult stem cells that can become bone, cartilage, muscle and even fat cells. These cells are also found in bone marrow. These injections are significantly less invasive than surgery and can shorten recovery time and diminish the risks compared to traditional treatments.
- Regulatory immune cells: Plays a role in controlling immune responses and shutting down inflammation. The human system is equipped with several types of T cells that can block other inflammation-producing T cells. Tregcells are crucial for protecting the body against IBD.
- Organoids: Are cell cultures that incorporate key features of the represented organ. This technology holds potential for regenerative medicine as organoids present the possibility to replace damaged or diseased tissue with organoid-propagated stem cell populations.
What is Amniotic Fluid-Derived Injections?
This type of injection is a minimally-manipulated injectable allograft designed to reduce inflammation as well as to protect, cushion, and lubricate joints and tendons.
How is Amniotic Fluid Harvested?
While a baby is in the womb, it is situated within the amniotic sac. Inside the sac, the baby is surrounded by amniotic fluid. Amniotic fluid is gathered by a relatively easy, minimally invasive procedure from a willing donor, that is neither harmful to the mother or baby.
What are the Benefits of Amniotic Fluid-Derived injections?
These injections can counteract inflammation and the harmful proteins that can cause joint pain. This diminished inflammation as well as lubrication can decrease pain and improve function.
What is the Science Behind Regenerative Medicine?
We are in the pioneering days of regenerative medicine. Compared to other traditional medical treatments, regenerative medicine treatments have fewer clinical studies because of the relatively recent development of these technologies. We use and follow all available clinical studies regarding these treatments, so we can provide evidence-based ethical regenerative medicine treatments. These treatments are provided by board-certified, fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons and spine/pain management physicians.
Does Insurance Cover Regenerative Medicine?
No, insurance does not cover regenerative medicine treatments as it is a relatively new field of medicine. Fortunately, there are many pricing options depending on the treatment you choose.
Are These Procedures Invasive?
These are non-surgical treatments. Depending on the mode of treatment, tissue can be obtained either from a healthy donor, a simple blood draw, or a slightly more invasive procedure to obtain mesenchymal stem cells depending on the treatment you choose.
Is There a Long Recovery Time After Regenerative Medicine Treatments?
While the complete healing process can take several months, the downtime after the procedure is extremely minimal compared to that of surgery recovery.
Contact Our Regenerative Medicine Concierge Today
If you want to learn more about regenerative medicine, please don’t hesitate to contact us. At Coastal Orthopedics, we offer same-day appointments at three locations across Bradenton, Florida to serve you better.
Contact Our Regenerative Medicine Concierge Today
Call Coastal Orthopedics at 941-794-5868